Allow Remote Connections to MongoDB in AWS Ubuntu Server

Allow Remote Connections to MongoDB in AWS Ubuntu Server

June 8, 2020 / Nirav Shah

What is MongoDB?

As per Wikipedia “MongoDB is a cross-platform document-oriented database program. Classified as a NoSQL database program, MongoDB uses JSON-like documents with optional schemas. MongoDB is developed by MongoDB Inc. and licensed under the Server Side Public License (SSPL)”.

Install MongoDB Community Edition

Step 1

  • Import the public key used by the package management system.
    $ wget -qO - | sudo apt-key add -

    The operation should respond with an OK.

  • However, if you receive an error indicating that gnupg is not installed, you can
  • Install gnupg and its required libraries using the following command:
    $ sudo apt-get install gnupg
  • Once installed, retry importing the key
    $ wget -qO - | sudo apt-key add -

Step 2

  • Create a list file for MongoDB
  • Create the list file /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mongodb-org-4.2.list for your version of Ubuntu.
    $ sudo touch /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mongodb-org-4.2

Step 3

  • Copy the command and paste it in the terminal as this will pull the packages to install MongoDB
    	$ echo "deb [ arch=amd64,arm64 ] bionic/mongodb-org/4.2 multiverse" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mongodb-org-4.2.list

Step 4

  • Reload local package database
    $ sudo apt-get update

Step 5

  • Install the MongoDB packages
    $ sudo apt-get install -y mongodb-org

Step 6

  • Start MongoDB.
    $ sudo systemctl start mongod
  • If you receive an error similar to the following when starting mongod. Failed to start mongod.service: Unit mongod.service not found.
  • Run the following command
    $ sudo systemctl daemon-reload

Step 7

  • Verify that MongoDB has started successfully
    $ sudo systemctl status mongod

Step 8

  • You can optionally ensure that MongoDB will start following a system reboot by issuing the following command
    $ sudo systemctl enable mongod

Step 9 (Optional)

  • Stop MongoDB
    $ sudo systemctl stop mongod

Step 10 (Optional)

  • Restart MongoDB
    $ sudo systemctl restart mongod

Uninstall MongoDB Community Edition

Step 11

  • Stop MongoDB
    $ sudo service mongod stop

Step 12

  • Remove Packages
    $ sudo apt-get purge mongodb-org*

Allow Remote Connections to MongoDB in Ubuntu

  • In Linux, including Ubuntu, bindIp is by default set to in /etc/mongod.conf. This means the mongod process only listens on the local loopback interface.
  • If you set the value of the bindIp to or remove the bindIp option, mongod process will listen on all interfaces.
    	# network interfaces
    	port: 27017
  • Or we can bind mongod process to a specific IP Address
    	# network interfaces
    	port: 27017
  • To bind to multiple IP addresses, enter a list of comma-separated IP addresses
    	# network interfaces
    	port: 27017
  • Note: When you complete editing the configuration file just reload the demon this will apply the changes and restart the mongod service
    	$ sudo systemctl daemon-reload
    	$ sudo systemctl restart mongod

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